Loading...

GARDEN NAVIGATOR

Find a Plant       What's in Bloom       Locate a Garden Feature       Take a Tour       Map       NYBG Home

Castanea dentata 'Darling 4'

Title Image

American chestnut

 
FAMILY Fagaceae (Beech Family)
HABIT Tree
LANDSCAPE USES Darling 4 is a transgenic cultivar of the American chestnut developed by scientists at SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, New York. In field tests it showed significantly enhanced resistance to chestnut blight. The species, Castanea dentata (American chestnut), is an upright tree developing a broad crown with wide spreading branches. Known to reach up to 100' tall and sometimes as wide. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate in shape, 5" to 8" long and 1 3/4" to 3" wide. Stems and buds are chestnut brown. Fruits are 2" to 3" in diameter covered with dense spines and containing 2 to 3 edible nuts. Once common over a great area of the eastern American forests, American chestnut has been decimated by a blight, (Cryphonectria parasitica) introduced approximately 1904 on the East Coast at New York. The blight spread quickly through the forests and in time completely encompassed the native range of this tree. Stump and root sprouts persist, growing from the remains of trees killed by the blight. These sprouts grow to roughly 20 feet tall and then the blight attacks them. Restoration of the species is of great interest and efforts are underway. For more information go to the American Chestnut Research and Restoration Center at the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry: http://www.esf.edu/chestnut/
GROWTH FORM Upright
LEAF TYPE Deciduous
HARDINESS USDA Zone 4 (Coldest zone where hardy)
FLOWERS Cream
FRUIT Brown
FOLIAGE COLOR Green

Find Other Plants Like This: Castanea (chestnuts)>

Other Castanea (chestnuts)
Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Kuri Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Find
More

Castanea dentata 'Darling 4' is no longer in the The New York Botanical Garden plant collection.



Powered by Web-VQF

The New York Botanical Garden's collection databases offer public access to a wide range of information, including historical materials that may contain offensive and unacceptable language. NYBG is committed to preserving collections data in their original forms for historical accuracy and to facilitate research. The information associated with collections data does not reflect the views or values of NYBG. We welcome feedback and questions about language found in our databases. Please contact collectionsidea@nybg.org


Close
 
Print Close